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The Science Behind Custom Night Guards: How They Work to Protect Your Teeth

08 August 2023

Custom night guards have emerged as a critical tool in safeguarding dental health and enhancing sleep quality for individuals dealing with teeth grinding, or bruxism. The science behind these devices is rooted in biomechanics, material science, and dental expertise. In this blog post, we will delve into the scientific principles that underpin custom night guards, shedding light on their mechanism of action and effectiveness in preventing teeth damage.

Understanding Teeth Grinding and Its Impact

Teeth grinding, or bruxism, involves the involuntary clenching and grinding of teeth, most commonly occurring during sleep. The excessive forces generated during this process can lead to a host of dental issues, including enamel erosion, tooth sensitivity, and even fractures. Additionally, bruxism can cause muscle tension and discomfort in the jaw, leading to conditions such as temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ).

Biomechanics of Custom Night Guards

Custom night guards are engineered based on principles of biomechanics, which involve the study of forces and their effects on biological systems. Night guards are strategically designed to counteract the damaging forces associated with teeth grinding.

a. Force Distribution: When teeth grinding occurs, the force is concentrated on specific teeth. Custom night guards act as a buffer, evenly distributing these forces across a larger surface area, minimizing the impact on individual teeth.

b. Absorption of Forces: Night guards are made from specialized materials that possess the capacity to absorb and dissipate forces generated during grinding. This absorption helps to protect both the teeth and the supporting structures.

Material Science: Engineering Protection

The effectiveness of custom night guards lies in the selection of materials used in their construction. Modern dentistry has embraced advanced materials that offer durability, comfort, and protection.

a. Acrylic: Many custom night guards are crafted from dental acrylic. This material is chosen for its toughness, durability, and its capacity to withstand the rigors of teeth grinding without breaking.

b. Dual Laminate: Some night guards feature a dual-layer construction, combining the benefits of soft and hard materials. The soft inner layer enhances comfort, while the hard outer layer offers robust protection.

Customization for Maximum Effectiveness

Custom night guards derive their name from the personalized fit they provide. This customization process is rooted in dental science and involves several key steps:

a. Dental Impression: Dental professionals take an impression of the patient's teeth. This mold is used to create a night guard that precisely fits the individual's mouth.

Material Selection: Dentists consider various factors when selecting the appropriate material for the night guard. The material's hardness, the degree of teeth grinding, and patient comfort all play a role in this decision.

Mechanism of Action

Custom night guards work through a combination of protective mechanisms to prevent teeth grinding-related damage:

a. Teeth Separation: Night guards create a physical separation between the upper and lower teeth. This prevents direct contact, reducing the risk of enamel wear and fractures.

b. Shock Absorption: The customized fit and specialized materials used in night guards help absorb the forces generated during teeth grinding, lessening their impact on teeth and surrounding structures.

c. Muscle Relaxation: By discouraging clenching and grinding, night guards promote relaxation in the facial and jaw muscles. This relaxation contributes to a reduction in muscle soreness and discomfort.

Clinical Evidence of Effectiveness

The scientific efficacy of custom night guards is supported by clinical studies. Research demonstrates that custom night guards are highly effective in preventing teeth damage caused by bruxism. These studies underscore the importance of a customized fit and material selection in achieving optimal results.

Custom night guards are a testament to the marriage of science, material engineering, and dental expertise. By understanding the biomechanical principles behind night guards, we can appreciate how these devices effectively shield teeth from the destructive forces of bruxism. The customized fit, material selection, and strategic design of night guards collectively contribute to their ability to absorb forces, prevent teeth grinding-related damage, and promote overall oral health.

Can I purchase a custom night guard online?

Yes! Get the quality of dentist made night guard with the affordbaility of an over the counter mouth guard! Cheeky makes it easy and affordable to say sayonara to the pain and tension accompanying TMD and bruxism. Our custom night guards will give you the best night of sleep you’ve had in months. 

Pick your plan and customize your nightguard with Cheeky today.

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